Friday, October 5, 2012

Cria Milk Substitute Comparisons

 On occasion, we have had to feed our cria using a milk substitute. Sometimes the mother was not producing enough milk, was completely absent or the cria was too sick to nurse. If the mother is available, I would highly encourage you to milk the alpaca dam for the milk.  If you do need a supplement, below is a comparative chart for milk substitutions.  While llama milk is the closest substitute possible, it is not available to us in our area.  So, we buy raw goat milk from a local farm and freeze it until it is needed.  If at all possible, obtain / purchase unpasteurized milk.

Understandable, this is not a common on-the-shelf product.  We are in contact with a local woman who raises goats (establishing the relationship prior to an emergency).  We have also found Raw / Non-pasturized Goat Milk at a higher end pet store.  And, when in doubt go online.  Powdered or frozen colostrum is also recommended to have on hand when needed.


Milk Composition Comparison



Species
Llama
Cow
Goat
Sheep
Whole Milk
2% Milk
Yogurt
½ Whole & 1/2 Cream
3 t yogurt/ 8 oz milk
TdC Milk Replacer











Fat, %
2.7
3.7
4.5
7.4
3.3
2.0
1.5
2.65
0.0408
2.6908
Sugar, %
6.5
4.8
4.1
4.8
4.9
4.9
11.7
4.9
0.3263
5.2263
Protein, %  
3.4
3.4
2.9
5.5
3.3
3.3
3.5
3.3
0.0979
3.379
Ca, ppm
1701
1080
1400

1189
1189
1991
1189
0.0055
1189.06
P, ppm
1215
<llama






0.0089

K, ppm
1201
1680
>cow







Cl, ppm
732
980
>cow







S, ppm
425
>llama








Na, ppm
272
340



0.0533
75% DV
0.0533
0.0085
0.0618
Mg, ppm
150
115








Zn, ppm
4.19 ± 0.95









Ba, median ppm
0.278
0.188








Cu, median ppm
0.109
0.052








Fe, Mean ppm
0.65
0.194




10% DV



ME, kcal/100g
70.02 ± 9.40
85.16
103.57
155.56






TS
13.1
12.7
13.2
19.3






Lactose
6.5




















*Significant farm effect.










** "…relative proportions of protein subclasses differ; caseins predominate in both species, but llama milk has no detectable ├člactoglobulin and has a higher proportion of lactoferrin."
"…carbohydrates (complex or simple?) provide relatively more, and fat relatively less, of the energy needs for the nursing cria compared with that of domestic ruminants."
Trace mineral concentrations in llama milk compare favorably w/ those for cow milk.
All cites and data from Morin, et al., 1995.










Replacer
Whole Milk
Whole Milk
2% Milk
2% Milk
Yogurt
Yogurt
Yogurt
Yogurt


Serving Size
8 oz, 224 g

8 oz, 244 g

6 oz, 170.25 g

1t
1t



G
%
G
%
G
%
G
%


Fat, %
8
3.3
5
2.0
2.5
1.5
0.0694
0.0408


Sugar, %
12
4.9
12
4.9
20
11.7
0.5556
0.3263


Protein, %
8
3.3
8
3.3
6
3.5
0.1667
0.0979


Ca, ppm
0.290
0.1189
0.290
0.1189
0.339
0.191
0.0097
0.0055


Na, ppm
0.13
0.053
0.13
0.0533
0.75
0.4
0.0208
0.0085


Ca, %DV




25





Na, %DV




3





Fe, %DV




10
















USDA National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference, Release 18



Yogurt










Ca content: 452 mg / 8 oz; 8 oz is 227
Wallaby Yogurt, Vanilla Creamy Style Low fat Organic
6 oz (452 mg/ 8 oz) = 339 mg Ca = 0.339 g Ca
Ingredients: cultured pasteurized reduced fat milk, org. evap. cane juice, org. extract of vanilla, org. locust bean gum, pectin.
If 36 t = 6 oz then 1 t = 9.4 mg Ca
L. acidopiles, L. bulgaricus, S. thermophilus, bifudus
1T = 3 t then 1T = 28.2 g Ca







This information was compiled by Brenda Gallagher Tierra del Cielo Alpaca Ranch, Watkins, CO - 2012